Vite + Sass setup

  1. Why use Sass?
  2. File structure
  3. Injecting Sass partials

Why use Sass?

There are plenty of useful tools in Sass, but personally, I would use it for the ability to nest rules alone. I find styles so much easier to organize with nesting. In vanilla CSS you’ll find yourself writing the same selectors over and over, desperately trying to keep classes properly scoped to avoid styling unintended things. It can quickly become tiring and confusing. So until nesting comes to native CSS, Sass it is.

File structure

Here’s what my typical styles file structure looks like. You don’t have to copy it exactly, it mostly comes down to personal preference.

 ├── abstracts/
 │    ├── _variables.scss
 │    ├── _mixins.scss
 │    └── functions.scss
 ├── components/
 │    ├── BaseHead.scss
 │    └── ...
 ├── core/
 │    ├── _resets.scss
 │    ├── _typography.scss
 ├── layouts/
 │    ├── BaseLayout.scss
 │    └── ...
 ├── pages/
 │    ├── Home.scss
 │    └── ...
 └── main.scss

Here’s a breakdown of each directory:

You’ll need to import main.scss in every page for your styles to work. I find the best place to do this is the BaseHead.astro because it’s a component that’s included in all of my pages. You could also import it in a layout that you plan to wrap every page in. Either way, it’ll look like this:

import '../styles/main.scss';

Injecting Sass partials

This allows Intellisense to auto-complete your variables, mixins, and functions without you having to import them in each Sass file.

import { defineConfig } from 'astro/config';
import { fileURLToPath } from 'url';
import path, { dirname } from 'path';
const __filename = fileURLToPath(import.meta.url);
const __dirname = dirname(__filename);

export default defineConfig({
    // ...other config goes here
	vite: {
		resolve: {
			alias: {
				'@/': `${path.resolve(__dirname, 'src')}/`,
		css: {
			preprocessorOptions: {
                scss: {
                    // built-in sass modules can also be injected with the @use syntax
					additionalData: `
                    @use 'sass:math';
                    @import "@/styles/abstracts/_variables.scss"; 
                    @import "@/styles/abstracts/_functions.scss"; 
                    @import "@/styles/abstracts/_mixins.scss";